Best Papua New Guinea Coffees in 2022
Papua New Guinea coffee is aromatic with mellow, composite flavor with a winy taste that makes it outstanding among the world’s coffee. The coffees are heavy bodied with rich fruitier aroma.
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Papua New Guinea Coffee
An island occupying the half of New Guinea Island is the Papua New Guinea (PNG) nation. The coffees grown here are more popular in the world among the high altitude grown coffee. The area is characterized by very high elevations, rich volcano soil and excellent climate which together make perfect coffee growing environs. The very first coffees in the PNG nation were introduced in the early 19th century. The industry have seen it good and trying moments with the country thriving to be one of the best coffee producer in the world. The country ranks as 17th as the largest coffee exporter in the world.
Papua New Guinea coffee flavor profile
The taste is not predictable. It is usually sweet, floral, mild acidic, apple wine, full bodied and clean bright taste. The after taste is very deep and lowly key. Papua New Guinea coffee aroma is fruitier with papaya and mango notes.
In general the flavor is defined as acidic, brighter and less earthly with and apple winy flavor which makes the coffees really stand out.
Majority of the Papua New Guinea coffee producers are small scale with elevations ranging from 4000 to about 6000 feet above mean sea level. The country grows varied coffee beans and is processed using any method the farmers may prefer. The only uniform characteristic of coffee growing in Papua New Guinea is that the coffees are harvested in the early all the way towards mid-summer and late spring. The beans are typically available in November onwards.
The processing method is mainly through washing though it may vary with different farmers. In the large scale plantations and more established farms the processing method is similar in order to bring out uniform and good quality coffees. The big difference between the coffees from different farms like in small and large scale production highly influences the quality of beans due to inconsistency. For the small farms it is very difficult to determine the quality and flavor while for the large farms this is very controlled and thus the flavors are more stable and the quality well defined.
Coffee growing regions from the Papua New Guinea
The very popular coffee growing region in Papua New Guinea is the region along the single and large mountains situated in the center of the nation. These high elevation provinces are accountable for about 75 percent of the total coffee produced in Papua New Guinea. The areas also produce the majority coffee which is exported to other nations like those in northern America.
This highland coffee growing zone is divided into town major regions highland provinces: Eastern where coffee is mostly grown in Kainantu and Goroka; Western province where coffee is grown on the out ring of mount Hagen town.
A region located between the two provinces also produce some coffee though the beans are low quality and are like the low quality Robusta coffees as opposed to the high grown Arabica trees.
Papua New Guinea Kimel Coffee
This is coffee processed through washing method. It is normally full bodied with a medium and light acidity coupled with strong aroma with chocolate and current hints. It is also known as herbal and wild. The coffee is similar to the blue mountain variety from Jamaica but have a heavy body like the Indonesian beans.
The coffees are grown bordering Jamaica. Medium and medium dark roasting is the best for these coffees to highlight the sparkling acidity.
Arona coffees from Papua New Guinea
They represent one of the revered Papua New Guinea beans with a distinct rich taste with a rich aroma which is well balanced and have fruitier hints. These coffees are full bodied and maybe earthly but not as heavy bodied as the Indonesian Sumatran coffees or fine aromatic as the Toraja Sulawesi coffee beans. However they are as exotic and classic as the Sulawesi coffees this coffees are wet processed.
Growing of coffee crops in Papua New Guinea
Majority of coffee growing industry in Papua New Guinea is comprised of small scale farmers which are small with coffee left to grow wildly and naturally and only harvested when they are reap for picking. However when it comes to quality and great returns the bigger farms are the dominators. Coffee varieties in Papua New Guinea are varied and the common ones are Blue Mountain, bourbon, Arusha and Caturra.
Factors affecting coffee growing in Papua New Guinea
About 2.5 million Papua New Guinea people depend on the coffee industry. The major problem faced by farmers is the poor transport especially roads which makes the areas less accessible. Danger of thieves stealing the coffee beans before they hit the market since the region is very remote.
Since the coffee growers in Papua New Guinea don’t depend on coffee growing to survive, there is no pressure of engaging in large scale or more specialized and controlled farming. Although the coffee returns being received by farmers are encouraging them to improve on their production and coffee bean processing methods. There is also on going farmer education on how to produce high end and great yields from the coffee to maximize on their returns.
Roasting the Papua New Guinea coffee beans
To get the best from the Papua New Guinea coffee beans do it moderately either using a roast varying from medium dark down to medium. This help in highlighting the flavor of the beans more and maintaining the brightness and lightness of the Papua New Guinea coffee beans.
Best brewing methods
Espresso or French press is the best way of brewing the Papua New Guinea coffees. French press helps to pull the oils of thee coffee beans while highlighting the brighter and fruitier notes of the Papua New Guinea coffee beans. Note the coffees are at their best flavor when freshly roasted and ground for a fresh brew.
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